Basics of Industrial Metrology
We are currently assisting to the fourth industrial revolution. The key for this revolution is smart manufacturing, which relies not only on technical and technological advancements, but also on novel and flexible quality-oriented management policies. The well-known ISO Standard 9001:2015 clearly specifies that an ""organization shall provide the resources needed to ensure valid and reliable results when monitoring or measuring the conformity of product or services to requirements."" In this context, the role of industrial metrology is twofold. On one hand, it is essential to define possible measurement-based acceptance/rejection criteria of products and services, as well as to design, implement and perform appropriate monitoring and measurement activities to check their compliance with given specifications. On the other hand, we have to maximize the probability that the measuring equipment itself conforms to the legal or technical requirements for its intended use, which is typically application-specific. To achieve this goal, measurement instruments have to be properly managed over their whole lifetime. In particular, they have to be periodically verified or calibrated.
This tutorial presents an introduction to the basic issues above and provides an overview of some possible solutions based on existing standards. The tutorial consists of three parts. First, the role of measurement and monitoring activities in quality-oriented organizations is described. Then, key concepts such as measurement process and measurement management system are introduced. Finally, a challenging and still open problem of industrial metrology is presented, i.e. how to choose the best confirmation intervals for measuring equipment.
David Macii received the M.S. degree in Electronics Engineering and the Ph.D. degree in Information Engineering from the University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy, in 2000 and in 2003, respectively. He was a visiting researcher at the University of Westminster, London, UK in 2002, at the Advanced Learning and Research Institute of the University of Lugano, Lugano, Switzerland, between 2004 and 2005 and a Fulbright Research Scholar at the Berkeley Wireless Research Center, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, USA between 2009 and 2010. Currently, he is an Associate Professor with the Department of Industrial Engineering University of Trento, Trento, Italy. He is author and co-author of more than 140 papers published in books, scientific journals, and international conference proceedings. He is an IEEE Senior member has been an Editor for the journal “Measurement” since 2018. He was a general Co-Chair and a Technical Program Chair of the IEEE Workshop on Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems in 2013 and 2015, respectively. His research interests are in the area of measurement and estimation techniques based on digital signal processing for a variety of applications.
Audience: Young Professionals, Professionals in I&M, Researchers, Students
Publication Year: 2018